Editor: A. Burdett
Author:N/A ISBN: (10) 1-85207-790-5 Published: 1997 Paper: Printed on acid free paper Binding: Library binding with gilt finish See sample pages:
In these 3750 pages Archive Editions presents a comprehensive collection of original British government documents detailing the history of Bahrain between 1961 and 1965. Also published are two collections running from 1820 up to 1960 and 1966 to 1971.
The intention of this collection was to compile all the pages relating to the history and development of Bahrain for this period, therefore the key events are covered in greater detail than in the earlier collection (1820-1960).
The events of 1961 to 1965 include the death of Shaikh Salman bin Hamad, and the succession of Shaikh Isa bin Salman al Khalifah; a threatened coup d’etat in 1962; some attempts at internal administrative reform, particularly of the Bahrain Administrative Council; expansion of Muharraq airport and assessments of its strategic significance in the Gulf; the award of Halul to Qatar as part of the Bahrain–Qatar seabed dispute; the discovery of oil in the joint Saudi–Bahrain marine area Fasht bu Saafa; commercial development at Jufair and Mina Sulman; currency reform and the issue of national stamps. In 1965 events became violent with demonstrations at Muharraq by dissidents who were being supported by Iraq and tolerated by Kuwait. The internal criticism of the régime was echoed internationally by the Arab League which demanded that Bahrain sever its connections with Great Britain.
These three titles combine to create a large collection which offers historical evidence for the political, economic and social evolution of Bahrain. Such evidence improves our understanding of the modern political position of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf. This large body of documents includes, for example, examination of frontier negotiations and questions of sovereignty, particularly the claim to Bahrain by Iran and the long-running dispute with Qatar; it also provides details of constitutional, military and defence developments.
The British records are of particular interest because the British were in the unique position of being at the heart of government in the Gulf states. They administered Bahrain’s foreign and defence affairs through treaty relations from as early as 1820 and despite a convention acknowledging the independence of Bahrain agreed in 1913, right up to the British withdrawal in 1971.
Material has been arranged within each volume according to broad subjects including internal political affairs, social and economic development, regional and international relations. Within these general divisions documents are presented chronologically. Some highlights from the volumes include:
Volume 1: 1961
Death of Ruler, HH Shaikh Sir Salman bin Hamad al Khalifah
Succession of HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman
List of Government officials
New terminal building at the airport
Dispute between Gray Mackenzie and Kanoo
Strategic significance of Bahrain
Shell oil concession and Bahrain-Qatar offshore boundary
Exile of Bahraini political prisoners and their return
BAPCO tax questions
Volume 2: 1962
Prospects following accession of Shaikh Isa (December 1961)
Petition from pearl merchants on economics of pearl trade
Development of docks at Mina Sulman
Progress of Bahrain-Qatar seabed dispute
Review of Bahrain-BAPCO agreement
Volume 3: 1963
Pressure for reform of Bahrain Administrative Council
Proposals for national airline
Currency reform in Bahrain with regard to Indian rupee
Discussion of BAPCO prices and profits
Discovery of oil in joint Bahrain-Saudi offshore field
Volume 4: 1964
Shaikh Hamad is named as heir apparent
Ruler makes state visit to UK, agrees to administrative reforms